Refine and reduce: How higher energy efficiency ultimately leads to lower costs
For an oil refinery in Sweden, installing one single heat exchanger meant cost savings of more than USD 2 million per year and had the same environmental effect as taking 30,000 cars off the road.DATE 2022-02-03 AUTHOR Lina Törnquist PHOTO Jonas Tobin
What impact could energy efficiency have on your operating expenses? For Preem it lead to both increased profitability and reduction of the CO2 emissions and thereby their environmental foot-print. Preem is Sweden's largest fuel company and it has made sustainability central to its operations. In 2012, they conducted a wide-ranging energy audit, when the refinery's entire operations were analyzed for possible energy savings. As a result, they decided to replace four of its traditional shell-and-tube heat exchangers with one single Alfa Laval Compabloc welded plate heat exchanger in the atmospheric distillation process – the most critical and energy-intensive processes, where crude oil is separated into different fractions.
Better recover and reuse of energy
The compact heat exchanger recovered 22.6MW of energy – which is 7MW, or 45 percent more than the previous installation. "The investment lowered our energy use substantially, and it's brought down CO2, sulphur and nitrogen oxide emissions," says Gunnar Olsson, Technical Director at Preem. In all, Preem estimates that 14,600 tonnes of CO2 emissions have been cut annually. It equals taking 30,000 cars off the road.
As refining oil is an energy intensive process, energy is the largest cost at the facility. The Alfa Laval Compabloc exchanger resulted in significantly higher energy efficiency, since the temperature difference between two fluids (what is called the temperature approach) in the exchanger can be low as 3-5°C for the Compabloc exchanger to work. This allows the exchanger to recover more heat than the shell-and-tube heat exchangers traditionally used by refineries, while using significantly less plot space.
..resulting in savings worth USD 2.2 million annually
In purely economic terms, the energy efficiency improvements based on the Compabloc heat exchanger are worth about USD 2.2 million per year. Based on the result Preem has now extended its investment in the technology and is installing
the welded plate heat exchangers extensively throughout the refinery process. "It was a pretty straightforward decision," comments Olsson.
Easier maintenance is a bonus
In the refinery process, there are often major problems with residue deposits on the surface of the heat exchangers, which reduces heat transfer efficiency and increases the hydraulic resistance – a factor that can lead to reduced capacity. Using Alfa Laval Compabloc exchangers in these applications means fewer problems with fouling, which leads to greater overall efficiency and sustainability gains. "There is definitely less fouling on the Compablocs compared to the shell-and-tube exchangers we used before, so they require less maintenance," says Ibrahim Tahric, Mechanical Engineer at Preem.
Both the business case and the environmental benefits for the Alfa Laval Compabloc exchangers are so strong. When listing the advantages, people often don't believe that all of it could be true, but then they try it out and they discover that it holds up."
Refinery Industry Manager at Alfa Laval
The refinery business is known for being extremely conservative when it comes to introducing new technologies. However, Eva Andersson, Refinery Industry Manager at Alfa Laval, sees a trend among refineries; they start with testing one Compabloc exchanger and then they make a larger investment once they have seen the results. "Both the business case and the environmental benefits for the Alfa Laval Compabloc exchangers are so strong. When I list the advantages, people often don't believe that all of it could be true, but then they try it out and they discover that it holds up."
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“The investment lowered our energy use substantially, and it’s brought down CO², sulphur and nitrogen oxide emissions”
GUNNAR OLSSON Technical Director at Preem
PRODUCT - The benefits of the Compabloc heat exchanger
- Today there are more than 1000 Compabloc exchangers installed in atmospheric and vacuum distillation units and more than 25 preheat trains where every single heat exchanger is of this type.
- Increased efficiency: Three to five times higher energy efficiency than a shell-and-tube heat exchanger
- Reduced maintenance cost. Less fouling enables the Compabloc to operate three times as long between maintenance/ cleaning as competing solutions.
- Smaller footprint: The compact design takes up less space than shell-and-tube heat exchangers
- Tough and durable: It operates at high temperatures with a wide range of aggressive media and under high pressure (up to more than 400°C and 42 bar).
- Flexible: The compactness makes it extremely flexible and suitable for a huge variety of applications.
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